Resources in chapter Involve Youth

Tipsheet

Tips for Youth Engagement

  1. Start by thinking about why and how you want to engage youth in your guardian program. Do you have (or need) a clear mandate to do this? What can you realistically commit to?
  2. Talk to youth! Go where youth gather in your community and engage them in conversations about what they think and want and how they might connect with the work you are doing.
  3. When meeting with youth, make it as fun and engaging as possible. Be creative to encourage participation. Share stories and videos, bring food, plan activities, etc.
  4. Build relationships with those already connected to youth in your community such as teachers, youth workers, language program coordinators, coaches, camp leaders, etc. Work with them to develop activities and share information about opportunities for youth.
  5. Involve your guardians in existing youth programs or gatherings. Offer to have guardians provide logistical support to youth gatherings or come and talk to youth about guardian work.
  6. Invite youth to go out on patrol with guardians and get them directly involved in field-based activities. Be sure to address any consent, insurance, or safety requirements.
  7. Create opportunities for youth to gain work experience through mentorships, job shadowing, summer employment, or internship positions within your guardian program.
  8. Find specific ways to encourage girls to participate in guardian activities. Make sure young women are front and centre as role models and mentors.
  9. Help connect youth to seasonal activities happening on the land such as fish camps, seasonal food harvesting and processing, or medicine harvesting.
  10. Schedule activities when youth are available and not in school – evenings, weekends, and summer.
Worksheet

Overview Worksheet - Involve Youth

This worksheet provides a series of questions to help think about how to engage and involve youth in your Indigenous Guardian program. Download it now

Section: What are the benefits of engaging youth?

   
“Guardians bring people back to the land. The land is sacred -- it is their power. Bring youth and elders together, where duty and responsibility can be passed on.” 

Josh Barichello, Ross River Land Stewardship
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“Guardians bring people back to the land. The land is sacred -- it is their power..."

Community resource

Taking Care of What You Know: An Evaluation of the SEAS Community Initiative

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Evaluative Review of NWT On the Land Collaborative Grant Reports

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The Impact of Land-Based Learning - Summary from Dechinta Łiwe Camp

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The Benefits of Land-Based Education and Programming

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Reclaiming Education: Indigenous Control of Indigenous Education The Power of Traditional Education

Section: What are some ways to engage youth?

“In Lutsel Ke, every boat has a couple of kids in it and their role is to do nothing more than absorb and learn. Although it is informal, it's still called ‘nahatni dene’ or learn while doing. Folks with the program for 4-5 years have “graduated” but sometimes don’t have navigation skills or confidence so they go out to learn with more experienced senior land users.”

Steve Ellis, Tides Canada
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“Every boat has a couple of kids in it and their role is to do nothing more than absorb and learn. Although it is informal we still..."

Tipsheet

Ideas for Involving Youth in your Guardian Program

Consider adding youth engagement to the planning phase of your guardian program. Think carefully about how and why you want to engage youth and build a plan to make it happen. Your plan should try to anticipate the time, staff resources, or budget needed to build bridges to the young members of your community.

Some ideas for involving youth in your Indigenous Guardians program include:

  1. Have guardians participate in career fairs, take-a-child-to-work days, youth gatherings, etc.
  2. Give presentations at schools on your work as a guardian. Prepare a slide show on ‘A Day in the Life of a Guardian’, share stories, bring in community experts and elders.
  3. Leave brochures or posters about your guardian program in schools and other places that youth gather.
  4. Have guardians be visible and in uniform at key community events like children’s celebrations, harvest festivals, Indigenous Day, etc.
  5. As part of your Indigenous Guardian program consider creating a "Junior Guardian" position to provide a youth with work experience or summer student employment.
  6. Provide formal opportunities for job shadowing or mentorships for young people interested in becoming guardians.
  7. Participate in fundraising activities for youth initiatives – donate a door prize, make food, provide transportation.
  8. Provide transportation and logistical support to youth activities such as school field trips, rediscovery camps, culture camps, canoe journeys, etc.
  9. Get youth involved in physical work that guardians are doing such as cleaning up significant cultural sites or campsites, building cabins, cutting hiking trails, etc.
  10. Set up a monitoring program for youth to participate in.
  11. Use tools such as social media, photography, video, GoPros, voice recording, drawing, crafting, writing, music, etc. to capture and share youth observations and experiences. See the story 'Grassy Narrows Youth - A Powerful Voice for the Land' for an inspiring youth video!
Tipsheet

Ideas for Involving Youth in your Guardian Program

Tipsheet

Creating Mentorship Opportunities Within Youth Programs

 

1. Remember to connect to your own mentors! It's easier to mentor others when you're being or have been mentored yourself. You can also set up mentorship opportunities for those you are asking to act as mentors.

2. Consider various forms of mentorship (e.g., adult-to-youth, youth-to-youth, youth-to-adult).

3. Bring a variety of mentors into your program - as Coordinator you don't have to know everything and can bring in others to share their perspectives and teachings.

4. Know youth's strengths and gifts so you can create opportunities for them to step into mentorship roles.

5. Create structures within your program to support mentorship (e.g., hire a combination of new and returning youth for internships, pair up younger and older youth during activities, etc.).

6. Celebrate and recognize mentors (e.g., award school credit or volunteer hours to youth mentors, provide honoraria, offer certificates or reference letters).

7. Remember one experience with a mentor can light a little spark in a youth even when you don't see it until years later.

Tipsheet

Creating Mentorship Opportunities Within Youth Programs

Tipsheet

Linking Youth Programs to School Curriculum and School Credits

Here are a few ways you can integrate on-the-land/water learning with the school system:

  1. Write curriculum - create your own course from scratch
  2. Link activities to existing curriculum happening in school during instructional time 
  3. List your on-the-land/water program on student transcripts / report cards
  4. Partner with other organizations that have a process for awarding course credits in place already

Here is more information on each option:

1. Write curriculum - create your own course from scratch

If you feel like none of the courses that exist in current school curriculum match closely enough with what you wants students to learn through your on-the-land/water program, you can create a new course.

For youth to get credit for this course, in BC it needs to go through a Board/Authority Authorized (BAA) Course approval process. Depending on whether you are a band school or a public school, this would be submitted to your school board or FNESC. Through this process, you may be able to get your course accredited so that youth receive an elective credit that counts toward their high school graduation requirements. 

In the Northwest Territories, you can create a Locally Developed Course (LDC) (see page 15-18 of this document for more info) with learning outcomes unique to what you are teaching through your on-the-land/water program. The Hunter Education course is an example of a LDC.

2. Link activities to existing curriculum happening in school during instructional time

There may be existing courses in your province or territory's curriculum that align with the learning outcomes of your on-the-land/water program. If this is the case, you may want to integrate your on-the-land/water program into students' existing classes (that they already get credit for) and timetable. You may be able to do this by connecting with classroom or subject-specific (e.g. Science) teachers.

Youth can participate in on-the-land/water programming as part of their Social Studies, Science, English Language Arts, Math, Art or other classes. Specialized Science is one course area in the BC curriculum with learning outcomes that might fit well with on-the-land/water programming.

If you choose this option as the On-the-Land/Water Program Coordinator, you might write a sentence or two on each student's report card comments for that subject area to communicate how they achieved the subject-specific outcomes through on-the-land/water learning that year. 

Some schools also offer on-the-land/water programs centred around learning about culture and territory through the Physical and Health Education courses available to high school students (e.g. running the program through the Outdoor Education 12 course).

Students may be able to get Work Experience credits if they do job shadowing through the program.

Volunteer hours could be another options to recognize youth.

3. List your on-the-land/water program on student transcripts / report cards

Even if youth don't get extra credits for participation in on-the-land/water programming, their work and learning can still be recognized on report cards / transcripts - e.g. as an extra-curricular activity. 

4. Partner with other organizations that have a process for awarding course credits in place already

There may be outdoor education organizations that already have processes in place for youth to gain school credits through participation in on-the-land/water programming.

Partnering with these organizations might help you award school credit to youth.

If you choose this route, it may be helpful to have a conversation with the organization before running your program around how students will be assessed and what type of reporting will be required for students to be awarded these credits. You likely will also want to clarify which credits students will receive and how many credits they will get. 

Tipsheet

Linking Youth Programs to School Curriculum and School Credits

Community resource

Indigenous Land-Based Learning in the Era of Covid-19

This resource is from the Dechinta Centre for Research and Learning. It includes 4 sections: navigating land-based education and pandemics in the North, removing the land from land-based education, queering Indigenous land-based education, and returning to the land during a time of great sickness.

Community resource

Indigenous Land-Based Learning in the Era of Covid-19

Tipsheet

Youth Training Ideas and Training Providers

Here are some trainings you could organize for your youth:

  • Advanced snorkelling and harvesting / free diving (potential provider: Bottom Dwellers - Chris Adair)
  • Smokehouse Building - carpentry instructors
  • Naloxone training - (potential provider: BCCDC - Chee Mamuk)
  • Possessions and Acquisition License (PAL) - guns - legally possess (holding) and acquire (buy) weapon
  • Conservation and Outdoor Recreation Education (CORE) - hunting
  • Powersaw Operator Course - Basic Chainsaw
  • Basic Wilderness First Aid and Advanced Wilderness First Aid
  • Driver Training 
  • 20 x 24 Cedar Sided Cabin Building
  • Longhouse Style Sheltered Firepit Building
  • Log Cabin Building (potential provider: Buckshot - BC)
  • Navigation - Orienteering
  • Bear Aware (potential provider: Wildsafe BC)
  • Trip Planning (potential provider: AdventureSmart BC)
  • Search and Rescue
  • Small Vessel Operator Proficiency (SVOP)
  • Marine Emergency Duties A3 (teaches you what to do if your boat is sinking) 
  • Marine First Aid
  • Swift Water Rescue 
  • Restricted Operator Course-Marine (radio operator) - there's also an aeronautical version for pilots
  • Trail Building (potential provider: Patrick Lucas - Indigenous Youth Mountain Bike Association - https://www.plucascatalyst.com/youth-program)
  • Powerpoint and Microsoft Office
  • Consent Conversations
  • Gender Galaxy (potential provider: BCCDC)
  • Working on fatherhood
  • Tiny homes
  • Snowshoe making
  • Intro to canoe guiding (potential provider: Outward Bound)
  • Archery (potential provider: Curt Smecher - BC Archery)
  • Building successful youth programs for Indigenous youth workers (potential provider: 3-Fires - https://www.3-fires.com)
  • Trapping (Tim Killed from BC Trapping Association)

 

Locations where you can host youth gatherings or get supplies

  • Cedar Coast Field Station (BC)
  • Coombs Rodeo Grounds and Fast Time Go-Carts (Vancouver Island, BC)
  • Cabela's (sports store) - have Mora knives
Tipsheet

Youth Training Ideas and Training Providers

Section: What are some examples of youth engagement programs?

Section: What are some tools to help build youth engagement programs?

Community resource

Resources and Assets Worksheet

The purpose of this worksheet is to get you thinking about the people, organizations, businesses, and departments that might be interested in supporting your program. As you begin to identify these potential partners, you can start to have conversations that will help you figure out where your program will live, what it will focus on, and how it will be delivered.

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Resources and Assets Worksheet

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Meeting Organization Checklist

This worksheet is designed to help you organize and plan a meeting.

This resource is from "The SEAS Toolkit: A resource for planning your on-the-land Indigenous youth program". Click here to access the full toolkit as a PDF.

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Meeting Organization Checklist

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Issues and Goals Worksheet

This worksheet is designed to help you clarify what changes you want to see as a result of having a SEAS program. When you have a clear understanding of what your program will focus on, you can then do more detailed thinking about specific program activities that will help you make progress in these important areas.

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Issues and Goals Worksheet

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Work Planning Template for a School Program

This template is designed to help you create a work plan for your school program. You can use it to coordinate with teachers and other school staff members, plan activities, and keep yourself organized as you implement your program. This tool is also available in an Excel format.

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Work Planning Template for a School Program

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Work Planning Template for a Summer Internship Program

The purpose of this template is to help you create a work plan for your SEAS program. A work plan is basically just a plan of action that outlines what you’re going to do and when you’re going to do it. Having a clear plan of action for your SEAS program can help you to stay organized and prepare for activities in advance.

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Work Planning Template for a Summer Internship Program

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Budgeting Worksheet

This worksheet is designed to help you create a budget for your program. This will help you determine the amount of funding your program will need, and maintain a sense of when (i.e., by month) expenses will come up. This tool is also available in Excel format.

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Budgeting Worksheet

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Funding Tracker Worksheet

This worksheet is designed to help you track all of your current funders, as well as various potential funders and grant application timelines.

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Funding Tracker Worksheet

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Activity Inspiration List

This list is provided simply to give you some activity ideas that other SEAS programs are using to meet their program goals and objectives. It is designed to help you get creative, borrow from the ideas of others, and think through a range of ways of approaching how you deliver your program. These ideas are presented in list form.

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Activity Inspiration List

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Activity Brainstorming Worksheet

The purpose of this worksheet is to help you brainstorm activity ideas for your SEAS program. It supports more focused thinking about specific activities that can help you reach your program goals. Use this worksheet to get started with program planning.

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Activity Brainstorming Worksheet

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Activity Prioritization Worksheet

The purpose of this worksheet is to help you create a short list of really great activity ideas that you can use to start building your program’s work plan around. It will also help you identify any ideas that just don’t make sense.

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Activity Prioritization Worksheet

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Activity Planning Worksheet

This template is designed to help you plan classroom and community-based activities. This worksheet will guide you in thinking through all the necessary logistics, as well as clarifying and communicating the focus and goals of the activity.

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Activity Planning Worksheet

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Trip Planning Worksheet

This template is designed to help you plan day trips and overnight adventures, such as camping trips. This worksheet will guide you in thinking through all the necessary logistics, including safety and risk management, as well as clarifying and communicating the focus and goals of the trip.

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Trip Planning Worksheet

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Nuu-Chah-Nulth Leadership 10

This course has been designed to help students earn the skills and knowledge of leaders and role-models in their communities. Herein, youth foster connectedness and leadership through cultural activities, land-based skill development, and resilience-based wellness training.

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Nuu-Chah-Nulth Leadership 10

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Nuu-Chah-Nulth Leadership 11

This course has been designed to help students earn the skills and knowledge of leaders and role-models in their communities. Herein, youth foster connectedness and leadership through cultural activities, land-based skill development, and resilience-based wellness training.

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Nuu-Chah-Nulth Leadership 11

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Nuu-Chah-Nulth Leadership 12

This course has been designed to help students earn the skills and knowledge of leaders and role-models in their communities. Herein, youth foster connectedness and leadership through cultural activities, land-based skill development, and resilience-based wellness training.

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Nuu-Chah-Nulth Leadership 12

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Teaching with the Land: Ideas based on the Ka:'yu:'k't'h'/Che:k:tles7et'h' Seasonal Round

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Hunter Education (Locally Developed Course - NWT)

Hunter Education is a three-credit Locally Developed Course (LDC) intended for Grade 10 students. Students acquire a working knowledge of key hunting safety skills and techniques, including an overview of hunting acts and regulations, ecology and wildlife management, and survival skills. This on-the-land skills training encourages student leadership and other valuable skills, while promoting a

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Hunter Education (Locally Developed Course - NWT)

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First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC)

FNESC has a mandate to support First Nations students and advance First Nations education in BC. They have several resources on their website that outline curriculum links to land-based learning and other topics such as BC First Nations Land, Title and Governance; Math First Peoples; and teaching resources on Residential Schools.

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First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC)

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School Program Day Trip Field Form

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School Program Overnight Field Trip Form

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Internship Program Consent Form

This template is designed to help you create an Internship Program Consent Form for your interns. This form is for all activities and trips that take place as part of the internship (e.g. day trips or multi-day camping trips). You can fill the form out for all trips at once or use this on a trip-by-trip basis.

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Internship Program Consent Form

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School Program Coordinator Job Description Template

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Internship Program Coordinator Job Description Template

Template

Coordinator Job Interview Template

Here are some sample interview questions you can draw from when you are hiring a Program Coordinator.

Template

Coordinator Job Interview Template

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Job Interview Questions for Youth Interns

Here are some sample interview questions you can draw from when you are hiring youth interns. Thank you to the SEAS programs on the Central Coast for sharing the questions they have been using. 

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Job Interview Questions for Youth Interns

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Importance of Reflection & Reporting

A ‘consistent habit of reflection and innovation’ is really just a way of thinking about your program that uses trial and error and experiential learning together with information and observation to

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Importance of Reflection & Reporting

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School Program Report Tool

This template is designed to help you track information about your school program. You can use this information to share details about your program with others (e.g., Chief and Council, program partners and funders), and you can also use it to support program evaluation and future planning. This tool is also available in Excel format.

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School Program Report Tool

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Internship Program Report Tool

This template is designed to help you track information about your internship program. You can use this information to share details about your program with others (e.g., Chief and Council, program partners and funders), and you can also use it to support program evaluation and future planning. This tool is also available in Excel Format.

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Internship Program Report Tool

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Program Participant (Students, Interns) Survey Examples

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Staff (Teachers, Internship Coordinators) Survey Examples

These survey tools are designed to help you gather some feedback about your program from teachers and other school staff (e.g., administrators, guidance counsellors). Their feedback will help you evaluate your program and make decisions about how to adjust or improve it.

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Staff (Teachers, Internship Coordinators) Survey Examples

Section: What are some potential funding sources for youth engagement programs?

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Jr Guardian or Youth On the Land Programs Funding Placement

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Canadian federal government funding sources for community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives.

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Canadian-wide organizations that might be potential funding sources for environmental, Indigenous-led, and community-led initiatives.

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Indigenous organizations that might be potential funding sources for community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives.

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Corporate organizations that might be potential funding sources for community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives.

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Manitoba-based organizations that might be potential funding sources for community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives.

The links below will take you to organizations in Manitoba that may have goals that overlap with community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives. You will find a list of organizations you may be able to reach out to for potential funding or other types of support that your program may be able to benefit from. 

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Manitoba-based organizations that might be potential funding sources for community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives.

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Northern Canada-based organizations that might be potential funding sources for community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives.

The links below will take you to organizations in Northern Canada that may have goals that overlap with community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives. You will find a list of organizations you may be able to reach out to for potential funding or other types of support that your program may be able to benefit from.

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Northern Canada-based organizations that might be potential funding sources for community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives.

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Ontario and Quebec-based organizations that might be potential funding sources for community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives.

The links below will take you to organizations in Ontario and Quebec that may have goals that overlap with community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives. You will find a list of organizations you may be able to reach out to for potential funding or other types of support that your program may be able to benefit fr

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Ontario and Quebec-based organizations that might be potential funding sources for community-led youth on-the-land and junior guardian programming initiatives.